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OpenStack Havana 双节点的安装配置记录

software  2018-05-16 10:53

Ubuntu 12.04 kernel 3.2.0-58 

说明

安装流程参考了网上信息,个人记录,请勿使用,发生一切事情,后果自负!!! 

安装环境设置(所有节点都一样)

1、安装OpenSSH-Server

    apt-get install openssh-server

2、增加Havana的源

    apt-get install python-software-properties

    add-apt-repository cloud-archive:havana

3、修改默认的源

    sed -i 's/cn.archive.ubuntu.com/mirrors.yun-idc.com/g' /etc/apt/sources.list

4、更新源

    apt-get update

5、安装内核(openvswitch 1.9.0最高支持到3.8的内核,默认的3.11的内核,所以要改)

    apt-get install linux-headers-3.2.0-58-generic

    apt-get install linux-image-3.2.0-58-generic

6、修改grub默认启动的内核

    sed -i 's/default="0/default="2/g' /boot/grub/grub.cfg

7、更新已安装的包和系统

    apt-get upgrade

    apt-get dist-upgrade(视情况)

8、更改计算机名称

    vim /etc/hostname

    vim /etc/hosts

9、重启系统

    reboot 

所有节点安装

1、安装MySQL

    apt-get install -y mysql-server python-mysqldb

2、配置MySQL

    sed -i 's/127.0.0.1/0.0.0.0/g' /etc/mysql/my.cnf

3、删除所有空用户

    mysql -uroot -p

    use mysql;

    delete from user where user='';

    flush privileges;

4、创建数据库和用户

    #Keystone

    CREATE DATABASE keystone;

    GRANT ALL ON keystone.* TO 'keystoneUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'keystonePass';


    #Glance

    CREATE DATABASE glance;

    GRANT ALL ON glance.* TO 'glanceUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'glancePass';


    #Neutron

    CREATE DATABASE neutron;

    GRANT ALL ON neutron.* TO 'neutronUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'neutronPass';


    #Nova

    CREATE DATABASE nova;

    GRANT ALL ON nova.* TO 'novaUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'novaPass';


    #Cinder

    CREATE DATABASE cinder;

    GRANT ALL ON cinder.* TO 'cinderUser'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'cinderPass';


    flush privileges;

    quit;

5、重启MySQL

    service mysql restart


6、安装RabbitMQ

    apt-get install -y rabbitmq-server

7、更改RabbitMQ的默认密码

    rabbitmqctl change_password guest nate123


8、安装NTP

    apt-get install -y ntp


9、安装vlan bridge-utils

    apt-get install -y vlan bridge-utils

10、设置IP转发

    sed -i 's/#net.ipv4.ip_forward=1/net.ipv4.ip_forward=1/' /etc/sysctl.conf

    sysctl -p


11、安装Keystone

    apt-get install -y keystone

12、修改Keystone的配置文件

    vim /etc/keystone/keystone.conf

    connection = mysql://keystoneUser:keystonePass@127.0.0.1/keystone

13、删除Sqlite db文件

    rm -rf /var/lib/keystone/keystone.db

14、重启Keystone 

    service keystone restart

15、同步数据

    keystone-manage db_sync

16、增加初始化数据(需修改脚本文件)

    wget https://raw2.github.com/Ch00k/OpenStack-Havana-Install-Guide/master/keystone_basic.sh

    wget https://raw2.github.com/Ch00k/OpenStack-Havana-Install-Guide/master/keystone_endpoints_basic.sh

    chmod a+x ./keystone_*.sh

    ./keystone_basic.sh

    ./keystone_endpoints_basic.sh

17、创建设置环境变量文件

    vim ./creds

    export OS_TENANT_NAME=admin

    export OS_USERNAME=admin

    export OS_PASSWORD=openstacktest

    export OS_AUTH_URL="http://127.0.0.1:5000/v2.0/"

18、测试keystone

    keystone user-list

    keystone token-get


19、安装Glance

    apt-get install -y glance

20、验证服务是否运行

    service glance-api status

    service glance-registry status

21、更新ini文件

    vim /etc/glance/glance-api-paste.ini

    vim /etc/glance/glance-registry-paste.ini

    [filter:authtoken]

    paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory

    auth_host = 127.0.0.1

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = glance

    admin_password = openstacktest  

22、更新conf文件

    vim /etc/glance/glance-api.conf

    vim /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf

    [DEFAULT]

    sql_connection = mysql://glanceUser:glancePass@127.0.0.1/glance


    [keystone_authtoken]

    auth_host = 127.0.0.1

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = glance

    admin_password = openstacktest


    [paste_deploy]

    flavor = keystone

23、删除sqlite文件

    rm -rf /var/lib/glance/glance.sqlite

24、重启服务

    service glance-api restart; service glance-registry restart

25、同步数据

    glance-manage db_sync

26、测试(可wget下来再 < 导入)

    glance image-create --name myFirstImage --is-public true --container-format bare --disk-format qcow2 --location https://launchpad.net/cirros/trunk/0.3.0/+download/cirros-0.3.0-x86_64-disk.img

27、列出所有映像

    glance image-list


28、安装OpenVSwitch

    apt-get install -y openvswitch-controller openvswitch-switch openvswitch-datapath-dkms

29、重启OpenVSwitch

    service openvswitch-switch restart

30、创建网桥

    ovs-vsctl add-br br-int

    ovs-vsctl add-br br-ex

31、eth1设置成混杂模式

    auto eth1

    iface eth1 inet manual

    up ifconfig $IFACE 0.0.0.0 up

    up ip link set $IFACE promisc on

    down ip link set $IFACE promisc off

    down ifconfig $IFACE down

32、eth1加入br-ex

    ovs-vsctl add-port br-ex eth1

33、设置br-ex信息

    auto br-ex

    iface br-ex inet static

    address 172.16.33.133

    netmask 255.255.255.0

    gateway 172.16.33.2

    dns-nameservers 1.2.4.8

34、重启系统

    reboot


35、安装Neutron

    apt-get install -y neutron-server neutron-plugin-openvswitch neutron-plugin-openvswitch-agent dnsmasq neutron-dhcp-agent neutron-l3-agent neutron-metadata-agent

36、验证服务是否运行

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls neutron-* ); do sudo service $i status; cd; done

37、更新 /etc/neutron/api-paste.ini

    vim /etc/neutron/api-paste.ini

    [filter:authtoken]

    paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory

    auth_host = 127.0.0.1

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = neutron

    admin_password = openstacktest

38、更新 /etc/neutron/plugins/openvswitch/ovs_neutron_plugin.ini

    vim /etc/neutron/plugins/openvswitch/ovs_neutron_plugin.ini

    #Under the database section

    [DATABASE]

    connection=mysql://neutronUser:neutronPass@127.0.0.1/neutron


    #Under the OVS section

    [OVS]

    tenant_network_type = gre

    enable_tunneling = True

    tunnel_id_ranges = 1:1000

    integration_bridge = br-int

    tunnel_bridge = br-tun

    local_ip = 172.16.33.128


    #Firewall driver for realizing neutron security group function

    [SECURITYGROUP]

    firewall_driver = neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.OVSHybridIptablesFirewallDriver

39、更新 /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini

    vim /etc/neutron/metadata_agent.ini

    # The Neutron user information for accessing the Neutron API.

    auth_url = http://127.0.0.1:35357/v2.0

    auth_region = RegionOne

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = neutron

    admin_password = openstacktest


    # IP address used by Nova metadata server

    nova_metadata_ip = 172.16.33.128



    # TCP Port used by Nova metadata server

    nova_metadata_port = 8775


    metadata_proxy_shared_secret = helloOpenStack

40、更新 /etc/neutron/neutron.conf

    vim /etc/neutron/neutron.conf

    #RabbitMQ IP

    rabbit_host = 127.0.0.1

    rabbit_password = nate123


    [keystone_authtoken]

    auth_host = 127.0.0.1

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = neutron

    admin_password = openstacktest

    signing_dir = /var/lib/neutron/keystone-signing


    [quotas]

    quota_driver=neutron.db.quota_db.DbQuotaDriver


    [DATABASE]

    connection = mysql://neutronUser:neutronPass@127.0.0.1/neutron

41、更新 /etc/neutron/l3_agent.ini

    vim /etc/neutron/l3_agent.ini

    [DEFAULT]

    interface_driver = neutron.agent.linux.interface.OVSInterfaceDriver

    use_namespaces = True

    external_network_bridge = br-ex

    signing_dir = /var/cache/neutron

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = neutron

    admin_password = openstacktest

    auth_url = http://127.0.0.1:35357/v2.0

    l3_agent_manager = neutron.agent.l3_agent.L3NATAgentWithStateReport

    root_helper = sudo neutron-rootwrap /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf

    interface_driver = neutron.agent.linux.interface.OVSInterfaceDriver

42、更新 /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini(增加了dnsmasq_config_file)

    vim /etc/neutron/dhcp_agent.ini

    [DEFAULT]

    interface_driver = neutron.agent.linux.interface.OVSInterfaceDriver

    dhcp_driver = neutron.agent.linux.dhcp.Dnsmasq

    use_namespaces = True

    signing_dir = /var/cache/neutron

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = neutron

    admin_password = openstacktest

    auth_url = http://127.0.0.1:35357/v2.0

    dhcp_agent_manager = neutron.agent.dhcp_agent.DhcpAgentWithStateReport

    root_helper = sudo neutron-rootwrap /etc/neutron/rootwrap.conf

    state_path = /var/lib/neutron

    dnsmasq_config_file=/etc/neutron/dnsmasq-neutron.conf


    dnsmasq-neutron.conf的内容如下:

    dhcp-option-force=26,1400

43、删除sqlite文件

    rm -rf /var/lib/neutron/neutron.sqlite

44、重启服务

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls neutron-* ); do sudo service $i restart; cd /root/; done

    service dnsmasq restart

45、验证服务是否运行

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls neutron-* ); do sudo service $i status; cd /root/; done

    service dnsmasq status

46、查看所有的代理

    neutron agent-list  



  






//双节点不需要安装 47 - 56 



47、检测是否支持KVM

    apt-get install -y cpu-checker

    kvm-ok

48、加截 kvm_intel 内核模块

    modprobe kvm_intel

49、安装KVM

    apt-get install -y kvm libvirt-bin pm-utils

50、更新 /etc/libvirt/qemu.conf


    cgroup_device_acl = [

    "/dev/null", "/dev/full", "/dev/zero",

    "/dev/random", "/dev/urandom",

    "/dev/ptmx", "/dev/kvm", "/dev/kqemu",

    "/dev/rtc", "/dev/hpet","/dev/net/tun"

    ]

51、删除默认的网桥

    virsh net-destroy default

    virsh net-undefine default  

52、更新 /etc/libvirt/libvirtd.conf

    listen_tls = 0

    listen_tcp = 1

    auth_tcp = "none"

53、更新 /etc/init/libvirt-bin.conf

    env libvirtd_opts="-d -l"

54、更新 /etc/default/libvirt-bin

    libvirtd_opts="-d -l"

55、重启服务

    service dbus restart && service libvirt-bin restart

56、检测服务是否运行

    service dbus status && service libvirt-bin status  



  






//双节点不需要安装 nova-computer-kvm 



57、安装Nova

    apt-get install -y nova-api nova-cert novnc nova-consoleauth nova-scheduler nova-novncproxy nova-doc nova-conductor nova-compute-kvm

58、验证服务是否运行

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls nova-* ); do service $i status; cd; done

59、更新 /etc/nova/api-paste.ini

    vim /etc/nova/api-paste.ini

    [filter:authtoken]

    paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory

    auth_host = 127.0.0.1

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = nova

    admin_password = openstacktest

    signing_dirname = /tmp/keystone-signing-nova

    # Workaround for https://bugs.launchpad.net/nova/+bug/1154809

    auth_version = v2.0

60、更新 /etc/nova/nova.conf

    vim /etc/nova/nova.conf

    [DEFAULT]

    logdir=/var/log/nova

    state_path=/var/lib/nova

    lock_path=/run/lock/nova

    verbose=True

    api_paste_config=/etc/nova/api-paste.ini

    compute_scheduler_driver=nova.scheduler.simple.SimpleScheduler

    rabbit_host=127.0.0.1

    rabbit_password=nate123

    nova_url=http://127.0.0.1:8774/v1.1/

    sql_connection=mysql://novaUser:novaPass@127.0.0.1/nova

    root_helper=sudo nova-rootwrap /etc/nova/rootwrap.conf

    cpu_allocation_ratio=16.0


    #inject password

    libvirt_inject_password=true


    #for migrate when just one compute node

    allow_resize_to_same_host=true


    # Auth

    use_deprecated_auth=false

    auth_strategy=keystone


    # Imaging service

    glance_api_servers=127.0.0.1:9292

    image_service=nova.image.glance.GlanceImageService


    # Vnc configuration

    novnc_enabled=true

    novncproxy_base_url=http://172.16.33.133:6080/vnc_auto.html

    novncproxy_port=6080

    vncserver_proxyclient_address=127.0.0.1

    vncserver_listen=0.0.0.0


    # Network settings

    network_api_class=nova.network.neutronv2.api.API

    neutron_url=http://127.0.0.1:9696

    neutron_auth_strategy=keystone

    neutron_admin_tenant_name=service

    neutron_admin_username=neutron

    neutron_admin_password=openstacktest

    neutron_admin_auth_url=http://127.0.0.1:35357/v2.0

    libvirt_vif_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.vif.LibvirtHybridOVSBridgeDriver

    linuxnet_interface_driver=nova.network.linux_net.LinuxOVSInterfaceDriver

    #If you want Neutron + Nova Security groups

    #firewall_driver=nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver

    #security_group_api=neutron

    #If you want Nova Security groups only, comment the two lines above and uncomment line -1-.

    #-1-firewall_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver


    #Metadata

    service_neutron_metadata_proxy = True

    neutron_metadata_proxy_shared_secret = helloOpenStack

    metadata_host = 127.0.0.1

    metadata_listen = 0.0.0.0

    metadata_listen_port = 8775


    # Compute #

    compute_driver=libvirt.LibvirtDriver


    # Cinder #

    volume_api_class=nova.volume.cinder.API

    osapi_volume_listen_port=5900

    cinder_catalog_info=volume:cinder:internalURL

62、更新 /etc/nova/nova-compute.conf

    vim /etc/nova/nova-compute.conf

    [DEFAULT]

    libvirt_type=kvm

    libvirt_ovs_bridge=br-int

    libvirt_vif_type=ethernet

    libvirt_vif_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.vif.LibvirtHybridOVSBridgeDriver

    libvirt_use_virtio_for_bridges=True

63、重启相关的服务

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls nova-* ); do sudo service $i restart; cd /root/;done

64、验证服务是否运行

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls nova-* ); do sudo service $i status; cd /root/;done

65、删除sqlite文件

    rm -rf /var/lib/nova/nova.sqlite

66、同步数据

    nova-manage db sync

67、服务显示

    nova-manage service list


68、安装Cinder

    apt-get install -y cinder-api cinder-scheduler cinder-volume iscsitarget open-iscsi iscsitarget-dkms

69、配置iscsi服务

    sed -i 's/false/true/g' /etc/default/iscsitarget

70、启动服务

    service iscsitarget start

    service open-iscsi start

71、更新 /etc/cinder/api-paste.ini

    vim /etc/cinder/api-paste.ini

    [filter:authtoken]

    paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory

    service_protocol = http

    service_host = 172.16.33.128

    service_port = 5000

    auth_host = 127.0.0.1

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = cinder

    admin_password = openstacktest

72、更新 /etc/cinder/cinder.conf

    vim /etc/cinder/cinder.conf

    [DEFAULT]

    rootwrap_config=/etc/cinder/rootwrap.conf

    sql_connection = mysql://cinderUser:cinderPass@127.0.0.1/cinder

    api_paste_config = /etc/cinder/api-paste.ini

    iscsi_helper=ietadm

    volume_name_template = volume-%s

    volume_group = cinder-volumes

    verbose = True

    auth_strategy = keystone

    #osapi_volume_listen_port=5900

73、删除sqlite文件

    rm -rf /var/lib/cinder/cinder.sqlite

74、同步数据

    cinder-manage db sync

75、创建硬盘

    dd if=/dev/zero of=cinder-volumes bs=1 count=0 seek=2G

    losetup /dev/loop2 cinder-volumes

    fdisk /dev/loop2

    #Type in the followings:

    n

    p

    1

    ENTER

    ENTER

    t

    8e

    w


    pvcreate /dev/loop2

    vgcreate cinder-volumes /dev/loop2

76、重启相关服务

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls cinder-* ); do sudo service $i restart; cd /root/; done

77、验证服务是否在运行

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls cinder-* ); do sudo service $i status; cd /root/; done


78、安装Horizon & memcached

    apt-get -y install openstack-dashboard memcached

79、删除ubuntu主题

    dpkg --purge openstack-dashboard-ubuntu-theme

80、重启apache & memcached

    service apache2 restart; service memcached restart 

增加计算节点

1、安装NTP

    apt-get install -y ntp

2、配置NTP

    #Comment the ubuntu NTP servers

    sed -i 's/server 0.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/#server 0.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/g' /etc/ntp.conf

    sed -i 's/server 1.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/#server 1.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/g' /etc/ntp.conf

    sed -i 's/server 2.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/#server 2.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/g' /etc/ntp.conf

    sed -i 's/server 3.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/#server 3.ubuntu.pool.ntp.org/g' /etc/ntp.conf


    #Set the compute node to follow up your conroller node

    sed -i 's/server ntp.ubuntu.com/server 172.16.33.128/g' /etc/ntp.conf

3、重启ntp服务

    service ntp restart


4、安装vlan & 网桥工具

    apt-get install -y vlan bridge-utils

5、设置 IP 转发

    sed -i 's/#net.ipv4.ip_forward=1/net.ipv4.ip_forward=1/' /etc/sysctl.conf

    sysctl -p


6、安装kvm检测工具

    apt-get install -y cpu-checker

    kvm-ok

7、加载 kvm_intel 内核模块

    modprobe kvm_intel

8、安装 KVM

    apt-get install -y kvm libvirt-bin pm-utils

9、删除默认网桥

    virsh net-destroy default

    virsh net-undefine default

10、重启服务

    service dbus restart && service libvirt-bin restart


11、安装 OpenVSwitch

    apt-get install -y openvswitch-controller openvswitch-switch openvswitch-datapath-dkms

12、重启 OpenVSwitch

    /etc/init.d/openvswitch-switch restart

13、创建网桥

    ovs-vsctl add-br br-int


14、安装Neutron代理

    apt-get -y install neutron-plugin-openvswitch-agent

15、更新 /etc/neutron/plugins/openvswitch/ovs_neutron_plugin.ini

    #Under the database section

    [DATABASE]

    connection = mysql://neutronUser:neutronPass@172.16.33.128/neutron


    #Under the OVS section

    [OVS]

    tenant_network_type = gre

    tunnel_id_ranges = 1:1000

    integration_bridge = br-int

    tunnel_bridge = br-tun

    local_ip = 172.16.33.134

    enable_tunneling = True


    #Firewall driver for realizing neutron security group function

    [SECURITYGROUP]

    firewall_driver = neutron.agent.linux.iptables_firewall.OVSHybridIptablesFirewallDriver

16、更新 /etc/neutron/neutron.conf

    rabbit_host = 172.16.33.128

    rabbit_password = nate123


    [keystone_authtoken]

    auth_host = 172.16.33.128

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = neutron

    admin_password = openstacktest

    signing_dir = /var/lib/neutron/keystone-signing


    [DATABASE]

    connection = mysql://neutronUser:neutronPass@172.16.33.128/neutron

17、重启服务

    service neutron-plugin-openvswitch-agent restart


18、安装Nova

    apt-get install -y nova-compute-kvm

19、更新 etc/nova/api-paste.ini

    [filter:authtoken]

    paste.filter_factory = keystoneclient.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory

    auth_host = 172.16.33.128

    auth_port = 35357

    auth_protocol = http

    admin_tenant_name = service

    admin_user = nova

    admin_password = openstack

    signing_dirname = /tmp/keystone-signing-nova

    # Workaround for https://bugs.launchpad.net/nova/+bug/1154809

    auth_version = v2.0

20、更新 /etc/nova/nova-compute.conf

    [DEFAULT]

    libvirt_type=kvm

    compute_driver=libvirt.LibvirtDriver

    libvirt_ovs_bridge=br-int

    libvirt_vif_type=ethernet

    libvirt_vif_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.vif.LibvirtHybridOVSBridgeDriver

    libvirt_use_virtio_for_bridges=True

21、更新 /etc/nova/nova.conf

    [DEFAULT]

    logdir=/var/log/nova

    state_path=/var/lib/nova

    lock_path=/run/lock/nova

    verbose=True

    api_paste_config=/etc/nova/api-paste.ini

    compute_scheduler_driver=nova.scheduler.simple.SimpleScheduler

    rabbit_host=172.16.33.128

    rabbit_password=nate123

    nova_url=http://172.16.33.128:8774/v1.1/

    sql_connection=mysql://novaUser:novaPass@172.16.33.128/nova

    root_helper=sudo nova-rootwrap /etc/nova/rootwrap.conf

    cpu_allocation_ratio=16.0

    libvirt_inject_password=true #重建注入密码


    # Auth

    use_deprecated_auth=false

    auth_strategy=keystone


    # Imaging service

    glance_api_servers=172.16.33.128:9292

    image_service=nova.image.glance.GlanceImageService


    # Vnc configuration

    novnc_enabled=true

    novncproxy_base_url=http://172.16.33.133:6080/vnc_auto.html

    novncproxy_port=6080

    vncserver_proxyclient_address=172.16.33.134

    vncserver_listen=0.0.0.0


    # Network settings

    network_api_class=nova.network.neutronv2.api.API

    neutron_url=http://172.16.33.128:9696

    neutron_auth_strategy=keystone

    neutron_admin_tenant_name=service

    neutron_admin_username=neutron

    neutron_admin_password=openstacktest

    neutron_admin_auth_url=http://172.16.33.128:35357/v2.0

    libvirt_vif_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.vif.LibvirtHybridOVSBridgeDriver

    linuxnet_interface_driver=nova.network.linux_net.LinuxOVSInterfaceDriver

    #If you want Neutron + Nova Security groups

    firewall_driver=nova.virt.firewall.NoopFirewallDriver

    security_group_api=neutron

    #If you want Nova Security groups only, comment the two lines above and uncomment line -1-.

    #-1-firewall_driver=nova.virt.libvirt.firewall.IptablesFirewallDriver


    #Metadata

    service_neutron_metadata_proxy = True

    neutron_metadata_proxy_shared_secret = helloOpenStack


    # Compute #

    compute_driver=libvirt.LibvirtDriver


    # Cinder #

    volume_api_class=nova.volume.cinder.API

    osapi_volume_listen_port=5900

    cinder_catalog_info=volume:cinder:internalURL


22、重启服务

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls nova-* ); do sudo service $i restart; cd;done

23、验证服务是否运行

    cd /etc/init.d/; for i in $( ls nova-* ); do sudo service $i status; cd;done

24、检查服务列表 

    nova-manage service list 

更新OpenVSwitch (未验证,勿安装)

1、下载最新的版本 & 解压

    wget http://openvswitch.org/releases/openvswitch-1.9.3.tar.gz

    tar zxvf ./openvswitch-1.9.3.tar.gz

2、安装相应的软件

    apt-get install -y git python-simplejson python-qt4 python-twisted-conch automake autoconf gcc uml-utilities libtool build-essential git pkg-config libssl-dev

3、configure

    ./boot.sh && ./configure --prefix=/usr --localstatedir=/var --sysconfdir=/etc --libdir=/usr/lib  --with-linux=/lib/modules/`uname -r`/build

4、修改ovs-lib

    mv utilities/ovs-lib utilities/ovs-lib.bak

5、编译安装

    make && make install

6、复制文件

    cp ./utilities/ovs-lib /usr/share/openvswitch/scripts/

7、加载内核模块


    rmmod bridge >/dev/null

    rmmod openvswitch >/dev/null 2>&1

    cp datapath/linux/openvswitch.ko /lib/modules/`uname -r`/updates/dkms/

    cp datapath/linux/brcompat.ko /lib/modules/`uname -r`/updates/dkms/


    insmod /lib/modules/`uname -r`/updates/dkms/openvswitch.ko || print "insmod failed, check dmesg" && exit

    insmod /lib/modules/`uname -r`/updates/dkms/brcompat.ko || print "insmod failed, check dmesg" && exit

8、开启brcompat

    vim /etc/default/openvswitch-switch

9、重启 openvswitch

    service openvswitch-switch restart


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